The Nordic countries are regarded as front-runners when it comes to matters of gender equality. Nevertheless, gender based disparities still exist when it comes to education, employment, wages or access to welfare services. On this page, you have the chance to learn about our latest research related to equality and gender issues.

Publications on Gender Issues

Migration has been a major source of population increase in the Nordic countries for the past decades. Meanwhile, the employment gap between refugees and immigrants, on the one hand, and the native-born population on the other has increased. This report identifies policies and practices for enhancing access for immigrant women to the local labour market in the Arctic region.

Find the report here. 

This issue of  Nordregio Magazine focuses on income disparities in the Nordic countries. Inequality has increased more here than in most OECD countries and women still earn far less than men – read more in our two feature articles below.

Find the magazine here. 

Sparsely populated areas are marked by depopulation and an ageing remaining population. As employment opportunities are limited for women, self-employment is in some cases a solution for women who wish to stay in these areas. In this working paper we formulate a policy model that can be used for supporting women’s entrepreneurship in the Nordic countries, with a special focus on sparsely populated and rural areas.

Find the publication here. 

Increasing globalization, climate change and shifting demographics are creating a new context for discussion of development and its spatial distribution. This is a new challenge for planners and politicians, who are expected to develop and approve plans encompassing the existing built environment, new settlements and urban infrastructure, at the same time as the context rapidly shifts. This forces a re-assessment of how growth and development are envisioned in planning interventions.

Find the publication here. 

In this issue of Nordregio News we focus on the discussions of how gender equality and economic development are related.

Find the issue here. 


Empowering Young Women in Industrial Cities in the Russian Arctic

The project stimulates young women empowerment in industrial cities in the Russian Arctic through developing cultural and artistic exchange between Russia and Sweden. Find out more about the initiative.

Enhanced Labour Market Opportunities for Immigrant Women – Arctic case studies

Migration has been a major source of population increase in the Nordic countries for the past decades. Meanwhile, the employment gap between refugees and immigrants, on the one hand, and the native-born population on the other has increased. Find out more about the policies and practices for enhancing access for immigrant women to the local labour market in the Arctic region.

Maps on gender related differences in the Nordic Region

In the Nordic countries, women make up the largest proportion of people living in cities, while rural areas have the highest proportion of men. Find out more about the living conditions of men and women in the Nordics with the help of several maps that show the availability of education, work and care at the municipal level.

Women consistently earn less than men – glass ceiling prevents them from reaching top-income levels

A new study of the gender dimension of income inequality finds that while the income gap between genders is slowly decreasing in the Nordic countries, women still earn less than men at all levels of the income distribution. Find out more about gender based income disparities in this magazine article. 

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