Timothy Heleniak

Senior Research Fellow

A geographer specialised in:

  • Migration and population change
  • Regional economic development
  • The Arctic, the Nordic region, the EU, Russia

Academic qualifications
PhD, Geography, University of Maryland
MBA, Finance, University of Maryland
BA, Sociology, Eastern Washington University

Languages
English
Russian

Prior positions
Research Professor, Department of Geography, George Washington University (2013-2015)
Editor, Polar Geography (2011-2015)
Research Associate, Department of Geography, University of Maryland (2005-2013)
Project Officer, Innocenti Research Centre (Florence, Italy), United Nations Children’s Fund (2003-2005)
Human Development Economist, The World Bank (1992-2003)
Adjunct Professor, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University (2000-2003)
Social Science Analyst, Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census (1983-1992)


Publications by Timothy Heleniak
Heleniak, Timothy, “Arctic Populations and Migration”, Arctic Human Development Report, pp. 53-104, Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers, 2015 (http://norden.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A788965&dswid=5671).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Migration in the Arctic”, Arctic Yearbook 2014, Northern Research Forum, Edited by Lassi Heininen (http://www.arcticyearbook.com/)

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population Change in the former Communist States of Europe and Asia”, The International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition, Editor-in-Chief, Professor James D. Wright , Section Editors for Demography, Irma Elo and Andrew Foster, 2015, Pages 545–552. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080970868310376) (doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.31037-6)

Heleniak, Timothy, “International Comparisons of Population Mobility in Russia”, International Journal of Population Research ,Volume 2012, Article ID 361497, 13 pages, http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpr/contents/ (doi:10.1155/2012/361497).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population Trends”, Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain, Sixth edition, edited by Stephen Wegren, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Plymouth, UK, 2015 (forthcoming).

Heleniak, Timothy, “The Evolution of Russian Migration Policy in the Post-Soviet Period”, Migration during an Era of Restriction, edited by David Leal, University of Texas at Austin (forthcoming).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Diasporas, Development, and Homelands in Eurasia”, Post-Soviet Diasporas: Global perspectives and everyday practices, edited by Milana Nikolko and David Carment, McGill Queen’s University press (forthcoming).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Boom and Bust: Population Change in Russia’s Arctic Cities”, Russia’s Arctic Cities: State Policies, Resource Development, and Climate Change, Berghahn Books (forthcoming)

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population, Health, and Migration”, Understanding Contemporary Russia, second edition in series “Understanding: Introduction to the States and Regions of the Contemporary World”, edited by Mike Bressler, Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colorado and London (forthcoming).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Migration, Arctic”, Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, edited by Alex C. Michalos, 2014, pp. 4050-4058.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Census Atlas of Russia: Fertility”, National Council for Eurasian and East European Research (NCEEER) working paper, August 29, 2014 (http://www.nceeer.org/).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Census Atlas of Russia: Sex Composition, Age Structure, and Marital Status”, National Council for Eurasian and East European Research (NCEEER) working paper, August 15, 2014 (http://www.nceeer.org/).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Arctic Migration” Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, edited by Immanuel Ness, Wiley Blackwell, 2013, 9 pp. (DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm035).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Demography, Aging, and Mobility in the ECA Region: A Critical Overview of Trends and Challenges”, November 7, 2013, 52 pages. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTECA/Resources/DemographicDilemmaECARegion2013Eng.pdf

Heleniak, Timothy, “The migration of people in the Arctic”, Baltic Rim Economies, Special Issue on the Future of the Arctic, Issue No. 2, March 27, 2013 (http://www.utu.fi/en/units/tse/units/PEI/BRE/Pages/home.aspx).

Heleniak, Timothy, The Peculiar Geography of the American Electorate, The Hill’s Congress Blog: Where Lawmakers Come to Blog, November 14, 2012 (http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/presidential-campaign/267847-the-peculiar-geography-of-the-american-electorate).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Diasporas and Development in Post-Communist Eurasia”, Migration Information Source, Migration Policy Institute, http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?ID=957, June 2013.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Russian International Migration, 20th Century” Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, edited by Immanuel Ness, Wiley Blackwell, 2013, 8 pp. (DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm467).

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population Trends”, Return to Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain, Fifth edition, edited by Stephen Wegren, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Plymouth, UK, 2012, pp. 149-172.

Heleniak, Timothy, Harnessing the Diaspora for Development in Europe and Central Asia, Report No. 63780-ECA, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region, The World Bank, September 22, 2011.

Heleniak, Timothy, Tobias Holzlehner and Elana Khlinovskaya “The great exodus demographic trends on Russia’s Northern periphery”, (In German. Der große exodus demographische trends an Russlands nördlicher peripherie), Osteuropa, vol. 61, issue 2-3, February-March 2011, pp. 371-386.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population Change in the Periphery: Changing Migration Patterns in the Russian North”, Sibirica: Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, Vol. 9, No. 3, Winter 2010, pp. 9-40.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Migration and Population Change in the Russian Far North during the 1990s”, Migration in the Circumpolar North: Issues and Contexts, edited by Chris Southcott and Lee Huskey, Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press, University of Alberta: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 2010, pp. 57-91.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Causes and Demographic Consequences of Fertility Decline in the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe”, Marriage and Family Review, vol. 46, no.1, pp. 79-106, January-March 2010.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Mortality Trends in the Former USSR”, Geographische Rundschau, Special Issue on World Population, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 56-63, 2010.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Russia’s Population Perils”, After Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Unknown, Fourth edition. edited by Stephen Wegren and Dale Herspring, Rowman and Littefield Publishers Inc., 2009, pp. 133-158.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Growth Poles and Ghost Towns in the Russian Far North”, Russia and the North, edited by Elana Wilson Rowe, University of Ottawa Press: Ottawa, 2009, pp. 129-163.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population, Health, and Migration”, Understanding Contemporary Russia, in series “Understanding: Introduction to the States and Regions of the Contemporary World”, edited by Mike Bressler, Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colorado and London, 2009, pp. 221-255.

Heleniak, Timothy, “The role of attachment to place in migration decisions of the population of the Russian North”, Polar Geography, vol. 32, nos. 1-2, pp. 31-60, March-June 2009.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Changing Settlement Patterns across the Russian North at the Turn of the Millennium”, Russia’s Northern Regions on the Edge: Communities, Industries and Populations from Murmansk to Magadan edited by Markku Tykkylainen and Vesa Rautio, Kikimora Publications University of Helsinki: Helsinki, Finland, 2008, pp. 25-52.

Heleniak, Timothy, “An Overview of Migration in the Post-Soviet Space”, Chapter 1 in Migration, Homeland and Belonging in Eurasia, edited by Cynthia Buckley and Blair Ruble, Woodrow Wilson Center Press: Washington, DC and Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, 2008, pp. 29-67.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Emigration From Russia and The Former Soviet Union After 1980”, The Supplement To The Modern Encyclopedia Of Russian, Soviet & Eurasian History, edited by Bruce Adams, Eward J. Lazzerini and George N. Rhyne, Academic International Press, 2008, pp. 137-144.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Overview of Migration Trends in Europe and Central Asia, 1990-2004”, Migration and Remittances: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, Chapter 1, edited by Ali Mansoor and Bryce Quillin, Europe and Central Asia Region, World Bank, 2007, pp. 23-56.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Latvia Looks West, But Legacy of Soviets Remain”, Migration Information Source, Migration Policy Institute, http://www.migrationinformation.org/, February 2006.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Regional Distribution of the Muslim Population of Russia”, Eurasian Geography and Economics, vol.47, no.4, pp. 426-448, July-August 2006.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Migration of the Russian Diaspora after the Breakup of the Soviet Union”, Journal of International Affairs, Columbia University, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 99-117, Spring 2004.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Russian Demographic Challenges in the 21st Century”, Russian Policy Challenges in the 21st Century, edited by Stephen Wegren, M.E. Sharpe Publications, 2003, pp. 200-221.

Heleniak, Timothy, “The End of an Empire: Migration and the Changing Nationality Composition of the Soviet Successor States”, Diasporas and Ethnic Migrant: German, Israel, and Post-Soviet Successor States in Comparative Perspective, edited by Rainer Ohliger and Rainer Munz, Frank Case Publications, 2003, pp. 131-154.

Heleniak, Timothy, “The 2002 Census in Russia: Preliminary Results”, Post-Soviet Geography and Economics, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 430-442, September 2003.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Geographic Aspects of Population Aging in the Russian Federation”, Post-Soviet Geography and Economics, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 325-347, July-August 2003.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Migration Dilemmas Haunt Post-Soviet Russia”, Migration Information Source, Migration Policy Institute, http://www.migrationinformation.org/, October 2002.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Russia Beckons, But Diaspora Wary” Migration Information Source, Migration Policy Institute, http://www.migrationinformation.org/, October 2002.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Population Growth Continues to Hinder Nepal’s Economic Progress”, Population Today, Population Reference Bureau, Vol. 30, No. 5, July 2002, pp. 3, 6.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Migration and Restructuring in Post-Soviet Russia”, Demokratizatsiya, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 531-549, Fall 2001.

Heleniak, Timothy, “Demographic Change in the Russian Far East”, The Russian Far East: Prospects for the New Millennium, edited by Michael Bradshaw, Curzon Press, 2001, pp. 127-153.

Timothy Heleniak‘s spatial story

From Seattle to Stockholm (with a lot of stops in between)

I was born and raised in Seattle, Washington in the northwest of the United States. This was long before Starbucks, Microsoft, and Amazon had been created and before Seattle became a trendy (and expensive) place to live. I left Seattle the day I finished my undergraduate degree for Washington, DC with the plan to work for the federal government for a few years before returning. It was only later that I would learn that there is nothing as permanent as a temporary migration. While I have returned to Seattle often over the years, I have never lived there again.

I’m dating myself when I say that I first started working for the Soviet Branch of the U.S. Census Bureau which was located in suburban Maryland. There, we did economic, demographic, and geographic analysis of the then-Soviet Union. My interest in the Soviet Union began as an undergraduate because it was blank spot on the map, a closed society about which not much was known. Work at the U.S. Census Bureau became more interesting during the late Soviet period as the country began to publish a lot more data and information about the workings of its society and economy. It was during the 1980s that I made my first of many trips to the Russia/Soviet Union allowing me an interesting benchmark glance into the country before the rapid social, economic, and political changes of the 1990s.

In the late 1980s, the Soviet Union applied to join the World Bank but a funny thing happened while its application was being processed – the country broke apart into 15 successor states. The World Bank found itself with a need for expertise on the Russian economy, society, and statistics who also spoke Russian. Thus, myself and a number of others who worked at the U.S. Census Bureau literally migrated from suburban Maryland to downtown Washington, DC to work at the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and other institutions involved with development in Russia and the other successor states. I was able to travel extensively to many parts of Russia during this period, a true treat for a geographer. This included my first travels to my favorite region of Russia – the Arctic – which had long been an interest of mine. Much of my work at the World Bank focused on Russia and the other states of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe but I also worked in Nepal, Vietnam, Laos, and Mongolia.

Upon leaving the World Bank, I worked for two year at Innocenti Research Centre United Nations Children’s Fund in Florence, Italy, doing analysis of children’s issues in the countries of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. I then returned to the U.S. in order to complete my PhD in geography. I continued work on migration and development issues in the Arctic supported by a number of grants and also as a consultant to a number of different international organizations. During this time, I made a migration for what demographers term ‘family reasons’ as I followed my wife to New York City where we lived for 7 years before migrating to Stockholm.

According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the average American moves 11 times during their life. However, this average includes many people who make just a few moves over the course of their lives and people like me who had made so many than 11 moves that I long ago stopped counting. Stockholm and its lovely archipelago remind me very much of Seattle’s Puget Sound and all its gorgeous islands. Thus in some ways, this move to Nordregio and Stockholm feel like a return home.

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