Land cover data indicates the physical land type, helping to understand the current landscape of an area. The map of the Nordic Region shows its land cover in 2012, based on data from the European Environment Agency (Corine 2012 raster database). Each of the ten colour indicates one main type of land cover, e.g. agricultural area in orange and urban/artificial surfaces in red.
A large portion of the Nordic territory is covered by coniferous forest (dark green colour), especially Finland, Åland, Sweden and south-eastern Norway. However, the main type of land cover is different in other parts of the Nordic Region. Denmark is dominated by agricultural land, Iceland and Norway by open land with little vegetation, the Faroe Islands by scrub and herbaceous vegetation and Greenland by glaciers.”