There is a high level of awareness among policy-makers and the public that the Nordic countries, and especially their peripheral regions, face demographic challenges. Although the challenges are similar in all the Nordic countries, their national...


On the first day of 2009, Greenland switched from 18 municipalities to just four. The transition had been prepared over several years, and most of the political parties supported the change. The idea behind the transformation was to delegate...


What are the benefits and disadvantages of the reform in Lappeenranta? Is it a good opportunity to rethink the municipal structure or an unnecessary process? Two reforms of major strategic significance have been carried out in the Lappeenranta...


A decision by the Finnish government on 19th August 2015 marked the end of a fruitless four-year attempt to bring about an extensive reform of municipal boundaries. The aim of the reform was to strengthen the ability of local authorities to perform...


What are the benefits and disadvantages of the reform in Narvik? The benefits of the reform are better planning and better tools for developing businesses. The reform will become a disadvantage if we do not use modern technology to bring municipal...


In Norway, the most recent municipal reform took place more than 50 years ago. Since then, the municipalities have increased their responsibility portfolios with new tasks delegated by the government, while the government has strengthened its...


What are the benefits and disadvantages of the reform in Blönduós? Is it a good opportunity to rethink the municipal structure or an unnecessary process? “It is important to reform municipalities. We need stronger entities to provide basic...


Municipal reforms are gaining political momentum in the Nordic countries, which all face great social changes. Some countries have already pushed their reforms through; others are still struggling with decisions on the matter. Finland has failed...


The autonomy of municipalities is rooted in the human rights chapter of the Icelandic constitution. This legal article protects the citizens’ right to exercise control over issues that concern them. Thus, it secures the existence of Icelandic...


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