During the last 15 years or so, the influx of immigrants to Iceland has mainly been driven by the needs of the economy and people coming to Iceland either as a spouse or for family reunification. The post-2000 to 2008 era saw unprecedented growth in ...


Sweden is one of the few countries in Europe to provide protection to a large number of refugees fleeing war and conflict zones in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite its relatively small population of about 10 million, it had the highest number per...


The Nordic and Baltic countries share many similarities when it comes to negative demographic tendencies, particularly in the rural areas, as consequences of population ageing, lowering of birth rates, gender imbalance and outmigration. These challen...


The refugee centre at Punkalaidun in the province of Western Finland has accommodated thousands of asylum seekers over the years. The local community together with local companies and organizations were willing to collaborate to help the newcomers. T...


Finland has traditionally been a country of emigration. People have left for other Western countries to find better job opportunities and have especially preferred Sweden. Finland became a country of immigration in the beginning of the 1980s when the...


Immigration to Norway has increased strongly since the turn of the millennium and especially since the eastward EU enlargement. The immigration has changed from being gender balanced during the first years of the 2000s towards a clear male dominance ...


Immigration to the Nordic countries has increased considerably during recent years. The settlement pattern shows a concentration to larger cities and regions where immigrants are already established, which does not always reflect future needs in regi...


When assessing migration trends from register data, the definition of how a migrant is categorised becomes crucial in the understanding of which types of flows and migrants are actually measured. An overall distinction is made between international m...


In recent years, migration flows into the Nordic countries have been at historically high levels, with many of the recent arrivals coming as refugees or asylum seekers. This has challenged the well-established integration programs that the countries ...


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